Neuroeconomics seeks to ground economic theory in detailed neural mechanisms which are expressed mathematically and make behavioural predictions. One finding is that simple kinds of economising for life‐and‐death decisions (food, sex and danger) do occur in the brain as rational theories assume. Another set of findings appears to support the neural basis of constructs posited in behavioural economics, such as a preference for immediacy and nonlinear weighting of small and large probabilities. A third direction shows how understanding neural circuitry permits predictions and causal experiments which show state‐dependence of revealed preference – except that states are biological and neural variables.
Camerer, C. F. (2007). Neuroeconomics: using neuroscience to make economic predictions. The Economic Journal, 117(519), C26-C42.