Results are reported from a 2½ yr follow-up of respondents who participated in a randomized field experiment that included the Jobs Program, a preventive intervention for unemployed persons. The intervention was intended to prevent poor mental health and loss of motivation to seek reemployment and to promote high-quality reemployment. The results of the long-term follow-up were consistent with those found 1 and 4 mo after intervention (R. D. Caplan et al; see record 1990-06244-001). The results demonstrate the continued beneficial effects of the intervention on monthly earnings, level of employment, and episodes of employer and job changes. These findings are supported by a benefit–cost analysis, which demonstrates large net benefits of the intervention to the participants and to the federal and state government programs that supported the project.